Tuesday, September 20, 2022

Braham Kavach PDF - English and Gurmukhi

Tuesday, August 9, 2022

Brahm Kavach - Under 1 Minutes - Braham Kavach - Fast - Video - YouTube


Saturday, June 25, 2022

Miri Piri Inner and Outer Strength of Sikhs


Thursday, June 2, 2022

Kaun the Sree Guroo Gobind Singh Jee?

Jab kalam se likhte the, toh shaayar.

Jab ranneeti main joojhte the, toh maahyar.

Sareer mein itnee taakat see ke kaiheen se vi teer ka nishaanaa lagaa sakte the.

Bol mein itnaa dum ke kaayar ko bahadar banaa sakte the. 

Qirdaar laajawab! Zalimon ka karte the hisaab. 

Dil se the naram. Laykeen Sikhon me inqulaab itnaa bar gaye, ke sab sooraj se vee zadaa hai garam. 

Ik banaa gaye nayee mazhab, jo sant vee hai, hai vee sipahi. Jin kee kabee mann se, kabee naa insaafi se hai lardaee. 

Jo karte naihee pehlaa vaar, laykeen josh mein kar jaate sab aar paar.

Jo bol ke Sat Sree Akaal, karte the nihaal.

Un kaa peer thaa hath mein pakadaa hathyaar. Voh har vakht rehte te tiyaar.

Jo duniya ke maalik ho ke vee

Jungle kee zameen par sakoon se raihte the

Voh har insaan mein Allah ko dekh ke toohee toohee kaihte the

Laykeen masoomo kee heefazaat ke khilaaf uthaayee talwaar

Aur zafarnaama likh ke aurangzeb ko dee lalkaar

Jin ke do srihand kee deewaaron mein, do chamkur ke maidaan mein shaheed hoe waris.

Voh chaar kurbaan karke, hazaaron ka kahaa gaye walid.

Jo sab khandaan kee sachaee ke leeye de gaye kurbaanee.

Voh Guroo banaa gaye Sree Granth Saahib Kee Dhur kee Baanee.

Hukam phurmaa gaya ke nitnem kar har roz, aur khudaa ko shabad mein koj.

Un keee kya tareef karen jin ka koee muqaablaa naihee. Shayed Bhai Gurdaas jee likh gaya saihee.

Wah pargateo mard agamrda waryam ikela! Waho Waho Gobind Singh aape gur chelaa. 

Ja phir jo Nand Laal Ji arz kar gaya, haq haq agaah Gur Gobind Singh, Shaahe Shaihenshaah Guru Gobind Singh!

Monday, April 4, 2022

Sikh Qualities and Values

Sikh Values & Qualities  

Monday, December 27, 2021

Neech Ooch Kare Mera Gobind | Amazing Power of God to Transform Your Life!

Neech Ooch Kare Mera Gobind - Amazing Power of God!

Neech Ooch Kare | SikhNet

The following Gurbani of Bhagat Sri Ravi Das Ji from Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji describes the amazing power of God. Let's get one thing clear, all of the world and everything in it is God's play. God is nirbhau (fearless).  He does not need permission to grant his gifts. He can transform your life in a second, if he so chooses. Bhagat Sri Ravi Das Ji says that he can grant importance, high positions, gifts, status, and other blessings to anyone regardless of your race, gender, caste, past, history, actions, etc. God transforms those that society considers lowest into the highest. Obviously, this does not mean we should be careless in our hearts, but never forget that he retains control at all times, and can turn-the-tables (physically or metaphorically) at anytime. 

He can make major changes in seconds, or he can also do it slowly. We think OUR actions will become the cause for our situations. Instead, he is both the causer and cause. There is no other.  "Karan, Kaaran Prabh Ek Hai Doosar Nahee Koe, Nanak Tis Balhaarnai, Jal Thal Maheeal Soe (The doer and cause are One, the Lord, no one else, so Nanak submits to the one who is water, land, and all else.) ~ Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Sri Sukhmanee Sahib Ji by Sri Guru Arjan Devj Ji.   It is always about his hukam (will). 

So if you start to lose hope that your life can be straightened out, remember miracles do happen. To straighten out your affairs, something needs to change. How you deal with change is most important. Changes might include your character, attitude, perspective, the people in your lives, actions, habits, and other things. However, instead of praying for those things individually, pray for Naam! Pray for his grace!

If we don't have trust in God, we will hinder our experience because we won't understand or appreciate the gifts that we are receiving.

May the Guru and Sangat forgive me for any mistakes!


Sehaj Path - Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji - YouTube Video

ਸਹਿਜਪਾਠ ਸਾਹਿਬ - YouTube


YouTube playlist of Sehaj Path Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji in a gifted and beautiful voice! Take the time to listen to every Ang of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Very soothing rendition.

Wednesday, December 22, 2021

How and when should we read Gurbani?

How should you read Gurbanee?

Simple answer: With love. 

Practically, it means:

  • your eyes be focused on the reading
  • mind concentrating on the recitation and meaning
  • ears should be listening carefully
  • read it in a tone that is respectful
  • singing it in the correct Raag (musical format) is best
  • quiet surroundings
Ultimately, it is about love, so if there are things beyond your control causing your environment issues, or your health is suffering, you do the best you can as God understands your condition. You should foster love for Gurbanee in your heart. Understanding the Raag (musical format) that it is written and singing accordingly should also help with focus, concentration, listening, and engagement of the mind. 

When should you read it?

If you are an Amritdhaari Sikh, you have to follow rehat and have instructions to read certain Gurbanee in the morning and others in the evening, while ending the day with Sohila Sahib at night.

However, if you are new and learning to read, anytime is a good time to practice. Many Gurdwaras have practice sessions to read in the evenings for morning prayers. Once you learn them, you can start reading in accordance to rehat (code of conduct for Sikhs).

Also, in addition to daily Nitnem, you can read Gurbanee when you experience certain states of mind or conditions you want to improve.

How many times should you read?

There are various recommendations for reading a Gurbanee once, 5 times, 10, 21, 51, 101, 1000, 100,000, etc. Read it as many times that allows your mind to understand, accept, and practice it. Read it as many times as you need it. More is generally better as long as the quality isn't decreasing.

How fast should you read it?

That depends on your concentration. At different times, different speeds have worked to concentrate my mind. Sometimes we can concentrate better when it is read fast, others when it is slow. With that said love, respect, concentration, understanding, and singing in proper format is the ultimate goal. 

Is all of Gurbanee written in Punjabi?

No. Punjabi uses Gurmukhi alphabets, but not all of Gurbanee is written in current day Punjabi. Learning Punjabi helps with vichaar and discussion as there are many Sikhs in Punjab and many of them preach or discuss in Punjabi. 

Can I read it in English or another language?

Transliteration if properly done is great as there are saroops in Devanagri, Farsi, English, Spanish and other languages. If you listen to audio with proper pronunciation, reading in another script is better than not reading it at all. Reading it in Gurmukhi Script will help with proper pronunciation. If you are interested in translations or explanations of Gurbanee, there are many sevadaars who have contributed in many languages, including Bhai Jagraj Singh of Basics of Sikhi, Bhai Satpal Singh from Nanak Naam.

Should you read alone or with others?

Reading it with Sangat who is in sync with you will help elevate your experience. However, other times, we experience more bliss on our own. Try mixing both. At times, laziness kicks in and the Sangat helps your mind stay connected.

Is pronunciation important, or is the meaning more important?

Both. Are you going to struggle in the beginning? Yes. Should you be sincere in your improvements? Yes. Without understanding the meaning, making changes in ones reality becomes difficult as the mind doesn't understand, so it fights. Without proper pronunciation, we may change the meaning of words. If we mispronounce certain words we may never understand the proper meaning of what we are reading as well causing unintentional disrespect. It is also better to be respectful to the language that is used for the particular Gurbanee. Typically, Tskaali Singhs focus on pronunciation more than others. Giani Thakur Singh Patiala wale, and Bhai Jairnail Singh Damdami Taksaal wale are very careful with pronunciation in their recitation of Gurbanee. Early as possible in your journey, learning about Santheaa (proper prounciation and etymology of Gurmukhi and Gurbani) is very useful in saving mistakes. Always, ask for forgiveness at the end, just in case.


Can I just listen to it and not read it?

Most beginners just listen. Listening alone is better than not listening to it. Listening is powerful. Even when we read it out loud, listening is still most important. Listening with an attentive mind is the most important. To learn the correct pronunciation, listening to someone who has studied Santheya (etymology and pronunciation) of Gurbanee helps.  If you turn it on and doze off or start watching TV, or surfing the internet, you are not going to receive the benefit. Also, you don't want to disrespect Gurbanee. Gurbanee is the Guroo, so please treat it that way. If the Guroo was present physically, you would focus carefully, so we should the same when reading, singing, discussing, and listening Gurbanee.

Mahaatam (Effect) of Various Gurbaani

In this article, we will discuss the effect various Gurbannee compositions. 

I will preface this article by saying that we should read, listen to, and practice the teachings of all of Sree Guroo Granth Saahib Jee. However, with that said, we all have to start somewhere. If you can't read, listen. Ultimately, you want to apply what you learn and transform your reality. You can start from the pehlaa ang (first page), or you can start where your heart is leading you. If you are new on your Sikh Journey, starting with a gurbanee that speaks to your state of mind and/or is easier for you to understand may help build a connection. With all of the different resources that we now have access to (such as history and background / discussion/simple explanations/ /translations/transliteration of Gurbanee), hopefully, we all can read through all of Sree Guroo Granth Saahib Jee carefully and receive full grace and understanding.  

Why do we read different Gurbanee and not just recite one prayer everyday?

Each Gurbanee has an effect on our mind and our life (perceived reality). Also, often our mind and life is in a certain state, which we seek to improve; for example, you might be having issues with anger, greed, pain or suffering. It could be other matters. Ultimately, we want to grow strong enough where small things do not impact us, but most of us struggle early on in the journey, and some of us forget even if we understand the bigger picture.  Also, reading Gurbanee convinces us that something can be done, and that our condition isn't special to us. Gurbanee is the Guroo and Guroo is Gurbanee. Reading the Gurbanee manifests the reality, provided we read it with love, respect and concentration. If we are going to seek help, why not turn to the Guroo? The Guroo can destroy our troubles and pains. The Guroo can cure our ailments and problems. Convincing the mind to constantly rely on the Guroo for everything is the hardest part.  

Japu Jee Saahib - Provides Understanding 

Japu (u is subtle) is the first Gurbanee, which helps describes Ik Onkaar, the journey, creation, the different realms, importance of following hukam (the Lord's command). The previous description is overly simplified and a line-by-line explanation would provide more insights; however, generally, the effect is that you begin to understand everything was manifested by the One Lord. It provides you giaan (understanding of God, creation, nature, etc.). The effect of this is that your doubts begin to be erased. It convinces your mind that God does everything and he is a universal God and accessible to all beings. It has been said that Jap Ji Saahib is a summary of all of Guroo Granth Saahib Ji, and Mool Mantar (first stanza) is a summary of Jap Ji Saahib and the shabad Ik Oangkaar is the essence of everything. Ik Oangkaar is the beginning of Sri Guroo Granth Saahib Ji, and destination of a Sikh's Spiritual Journey.

Jaap Saahib - Praise of the many descriptions of the One Lord.

God has many descriptions, yet he is indescribable. Jaap Saahib gives you the understanding  God is everything, yet beyond all of it.

In Jaap Saahib different attributes, and names are used to describe the one Lord. It is one of the most beautifully written Gurbanees, since it uses multiple styles, languages, and formats all in one composition. Praise of the One Lord is a gift. Praising the true Lord with a pure heart brings many attributes to ones own reality and character. 

Tva Prasad Savaiye - Bairaag (yearning for the One Lord)

This Gurbanee reminds us that becoming a king, strong warrior, a rich person, famous, or anything else will mean nothing, if we do not have Love in our hearts for the One Lord and we do not obtain his grace. Often, the mind focuses on the temporal reality and loses sight of our spiritual self. This Gurbanee humbles the mind and in that regard. 

Chaupaee Saahib - Prayer for Protection

When we feel like we are under attack by actual enemies or spiritual ones, reading this Gurbanee can protect against your enemies. There are many attempts to manipulate  energy for destructive reasons and if someone makes you a target, this Gurbanee will help you. Chaupaee Saahib also describes the superiority of the One Supreme Lord. The Gurbanee focuses on reliance on the one supreme lord over all other deities. It also speaks to the Lords strength to create, protect, and destroy. Also, it gives strength to the weak beyond their imagination.

Anand Saahib - Prayer for Bliss and Self-control

It provides control of the five vices, which are desire, anger, greed, attachment, and ego. It reminds the mind to connect to the one Lord at all times.

Rehraas Saahib - Prayer to refocus the mind

Rehraas Saahib - Composed of Gurbanee from Sree Guroo Granth Saahib Jee and Sree Dasam Granth Saahib Jee. It combines stanzas from various Gurbanees to refocus the mind.  As there are 5 Gurbanees that Sikhs typically read in the morning (JapJi Saahib, Jaapu Saahib, Tva Prasaad Svaaiye, Chaupaee Saahib, Anand Saahib), this becomes the evening cleanse.

Sohilaa Saahib  - Nighttime Protection

Read at night time for protection during sleep, so that prays if a soul was to leave the body, it would end up at God's door. It also praises God's creation, and asks for the humble company of holy saints.

Aarti Saahib - Praise of Naam Simran

It starts off describing how nature is already worshipping God with smells, scents, and light in the physical sense, but God's remembrance and focusing on connecting with our inner light is most important form of worship. 

Dukh Bhanjanee Saahib - Breaks your pains and sorrows

The effect of this Gurbanee is that it helps you heal your physical, mental, and spiritual self. Again, it asks the self to surrender to God by reciting his name, and relying on naam as the cure for the pains and suffering.

Shabad Haazare - Read during feeling of Separation

When the feeling of loneliness and yearning of the Lord arises, this is the time to read this Gurbanee as it calls out to the Lord. Obviously, anytime is a good time to tell your beloved, you miss them, but when you feel that separation, it helps describe your condition and hopefully gains a glance of God's graceful attention.

Sukhmanee Saahib - Peace and Happiness 

Sukhmanee Saahib - guides the mind to repeat and chant God's name with love and devotion, which is the cure for all ailments physical, mental or spiritual.  It also provides a deeper understanding of God, which ultimately eliminates one of the biggest confusions, the idea of the self and doubt. It reminds the mind that all is God and God does everything. You realize it is God's stage, he is the actor, director, etc.

Baarah Maahaa - 12 Months - Provides understanding of your feelings

As the physical world we know today has created 12 months, the soul witnesses 12 months that brings various feelings. This Gurbanee provides context to feelings as it pertains to the relationship of soul and God. It will help in strengthening your relationship as you realize a lot of what is happening to you is normal.

Dakhnee Oangkaar - Focuses the mind on the oneness of the Lord

This Gurbanee focuses on the Oneness of the the Lord. It reminds us that the One Lord is where everything came from and that is what we should focus on and remember. We should chant the name of that one lord. Guroo Nanank Dev Ji was being questioned by religious scholars that wanted to know what he worshipped, so in a sense, it is a back-and-forth between Guroo Nanak Dev Ji and the religious scholars. It also asks us to study that oneness.

I ask the Guroo and the Sangat to forgive for mistakes made during the composition of this article.



Monday, December 6, 2021

Is Sikhi (Sikhism) Monotheistic, Polytheistic, Pantheistic, Panentheistic or Panpsychist?

Sat Sri Akaal and Waaheguroo Ji Kaa Khalsaa, Waaheguroo Ji Ki Fateh!


Which model does Sikhi (Sikhism) accept?

Any of these?

Any of these?

What about consciousness and Panpyschism?

Overview of the Sikh Journey

Before we answer the question, let's cover basic Sikh beliefs and the overall journey. Those who are new to Sikhi (Sikhism), it began with the first Sikh Guroo, Sree Guroo Naanak Dev Ji. There were Ten Sikh Guroos in the human form, and the 11th (present) Guroo is in the shabad (word) form, the compiled scripture called Sri Guroo Granth Sahib Ji. Sri Guroo Granth Sahib Ji contains teachings of the Ten Guroos and other saints (bhagats).  Sikhs follow the commands/teachings of the Almighty-Lord, which are in the form of Gurbanee (the words or teachings written by the Ten Sikh Guroos). The teachings themselves are the Guroo, so by reading, singing, discussing, and following Sri Guroo Granth Sahib Ji, Sikhs are learning from the Guroos and connecting with them.

The scripture begins with the shabad or term “Ik Oangkaar,” which is often translated as "God is One," or "there is one God." However, the meaning is deeper than that. In fact, all of Sikhi (Sikhism) is the study of Ik Oangkaar and practicing the resulting understanding. Sikhi teaches that God is one, the many, he is all, yet he is beyond all. He has numerous descriptions, attributes, and all powers, yet he is indescribable at the same time. He has no caste, creed, or gender. He is formless, timeless, yet he existed and exists in the forms of Guroos (currently in Shabad, or Scripture form - Sri Guroo Granth Sahib Ji) and Saints to guide and serve humanity.  He created the creation, and he is in the creation, but also detached from it. The lord is the creator, presever, and destroyer. The Lord is the mother, father, and teacher of all creation.

All is within the divine consciousness, which makes everything an illusion, yet the temporal realm cannot be overlooked and forgotten while a soul is in it. Akaal (The Ultimate-Timeless Consciousness), the Soul (Individual Consciousness) and Kudrat (Universe) have a connection. The Sikh Guroo's taught both Temporal (Miri) and Piri (Spiritual) lessons, but the spiritual always takes priority and is never to be forgotten while carrying out your worldly duties. This is why Sikhs are humble, yet fierce!

The consciousness has manifested itself many times, yet the Lord has no beginning or end. 

Ultimately, it is a journey of love that begins with separation, and ends in union, since oneness with the Akaal (the lord who is beyond time) is the ultimate destination. 

What is a Sikh supposed to do?

Relationship of Creation and the Creator

  • Everything is manifested within the divine consciousness by the one Lord.
  • The Lord resides in the creation, yet is beyond and detached from it.
  • There is some level of "energy," or "light," in everything, whether physical, mental, or spiritual.
  • There is energy or light in animate and inanimate objects, whether that energy is used positively or negatively depends on the focus of the mind. The mind plays a huge part in shaping reality, particularly a pure mind whom the Lord listens to closely.
  • Human birth is the stage and form at which we can understand all that needs to be understood. It is this form that allows us to meditate on the Lord and attain liberation. This is not typically possible at the animal or plant stage, with very infrequent exceptions to this rule. This doesn't mean we should do whatever we want with animals, plants, or inanimate objects as there is still energy or light in them. Once you experience oneness, you only take what is needed as there are consequences for everything, no matter how subtle. 
  • However, those that have the Lord's grace do not have to answer on "judgement day." Although we seek to be truthful in our actions, it is his grace that we are after. 

Four-levels of Consciousness 

There are many models that describe the different levels of the consciousness. Here is one that simplifies things.

  1. Ultimate (Akaal)
  2. Pure (Khalsaa) - The consciousness sees no other, it experiences absoluteness and there are no doubts or questions. All is clear.
  3. Universal (GurSikh) - The consciousness focuses beyond the individual self and recognize its connection to the universe.
  4. Individual (Manmukh) - The consciousness focuses on the idea of the individual "self," which is dominated by the five vices.

There is a spectrum even within each of the bottom three levels within this model that improves upon commons models. The consciousness can travel in-and-out of the different levels, so it is important to remember the ultimate one to obtain true liberation. Following Gurbanee or Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji's teachings will allow the mind to stay pure. Through reincarnations in many forms, the soul may spend many lifetimes at the "individual" level, so there are many habits that die hard. It is only in the human birth and through Naam Simran (deep and constant remembrance of the lord with love) we can experience the other levels and obtain the understanding we need to be liberated!


Four States of Energy within the Consciousness 

There are three common states of energy within the consciousness; all three are "maya" or "illusion."

  • Rajo (constructive) - focus is constructive
  • Tamo (destructive) - focus is destructive
  • Sato (truthful) - focus is selfless

Chauthaa Padh (4th state) - The three states appear as an illusion, in which there is one doer.

  • It is easier for those who have experienced Sato to understand the 4th.

The Five Khands (stages) of liberation

The following is all from: The Five Khands in Japji Sahib | SikhNet 

“Dharam Khand, Gian Khand, Saram Khand, Karam Khand and Sach Khand

If we were to state the purpose of human birth, and the method to achieve it, in a few words it would be: ‘to reunite the soul with the Creator - this is possible through Divine grace.’

The first composition in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, ‘Japu’, leads us on that path.

The process starts with Gurparsad (Guru’s Grace) in the Mool Mantar, nadree mokh duaar (salvation through grace) and culminates in “Nanak nadree nadar nihaal”, (vision of the Creator through His grace).

Guru Nanak has used two words nadar and nihaalNadar Karam or just Nadar is the Punjabi version of the Persian ‘Nazray karam’ meaning looking favorably or showing grace and is used in Gurbani to denote Divine grace. Nihaal also means seeing or sight and is normally used to indicate the benefit of nadar and the resultant happiness.

So Japu leads the soul to profound happiness through Divine Grace.

Japu has 38 Pauris or stanzas followed by an epilogue, the Slok.

The culmination of the process of gaining grace is described in the last six Pauris out of which the 32nd and 33rd Pauris are in preparation of the ascent to the high state or level which metaphorically is the abode of the formless Creator.

The 32nd Pauri says that in order to be one with the Master one must remember and imbibe His virtues endlessly to be entitled to His grace:

ਇਕ ਦੂ ਜੀਭੌ ਲਖ ਹੋਹਿ ਲਖ ਹੋਵਹਿ ਲਖ ਵੀਸ 
ਲਖੁ ਲਖੁ ਗੇੜਾ ਆਖੀਅਹਿ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਗਦੀਸ 
ਏਤੁ ਰਾਹਿ ਪਤਿ ਪਵੜੀਆ ਚੜੀਐ ਹੋਇ ਇਕੀਸ 
ਸੁਣਿ ਗਲਾ ਆਕਾਸ ਕੀ ਕੀਟਾ ਆਈ ਰੀਸ 
ਨਾਨਕ ਨਦਰੀ ਪਾਈਐ ਕੂੜੀ ਕੂੜੈ ਠੀਸ ॥੩੨॥  

May I have my one tongue multiplied a million times, then twenty million,
and with each of them I utter Naam, the Name of the Master, a million times;
these are the steps of the staircase that raise me to be one with Him.

This is so motivating that hearing the Divine virtues even the worms (those who never thought so) also wish to join; but this is possible by Grace; otherwise it is pointless waffle.

The 33rd Pauri, continuing in the same vein, emphasizes the need for grace stating that no one can achieve this by personal strength.

The next four Pauris describe the five Khands meaning realms or stages of spiritual advancement. The process involves progressive widening of the thought horizon with the individual identifying himself as part of the cosmos and therefore the total creation, finally seeing the Creator in everything that exists.

In that state one conforms to the laws of nature, accepting them as Divine commands.

The five stages are of Dutifulness, Knowledge, Toil or Effort, Grace and finally the Truth.

For success in any field it is necessary to have commitment and dedication to achieve the goal. Accordingly the first step is to identify what is to be done and do it well.

This is the realm of dutifulness or Dharam Khand. Dharam, which in English language is referred to as Dharma, also means religion and righteousness. The latter two also boil down to dutifulness as one needs to carry out what is expected in the given environment. As in any practical situation one is judged based on deeds or performance.

The 34th Pauri says:

ਰਾਤੀ ਰੁਤੀ ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ 
ਪਵਣ ਪਾਣੀ ਅਗਨੀ ਪਾਤਾਲ 
ਤਿਸੁ ਵਿਚਿ ਧਰਤੀ ਥਾਪਿ ਰਖੀ ਧਰਮ ਸਾਲ ---
Night (and day), the seasons, the lunar movements, days of the week;
the air, water, fire and the nether regions;
in their company the earth has been created to perform one’s Dharam;

ਤਿਸੁ ਵਿਚਿ ਜੀਅ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਕੇ ਰੰਗ  ਤਿਨ ਕੇ ਨਾਮ ਅਨੇਕ ਅਨੰਤ ---
On the earth there are creatures of various types and hues with innumerable names;
(this indicates that one should act in the awareness that other creatures also exist and one has responsibilities towards them).
ਕਰਮੀ ਕਰਮੀ ਹੋਇ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ  ਸਚਾ ਆਪਿ ਸਚਾ ਦਰਬਾਰੁ ---
They are all judged based on their deeds, past and current;
the Judge is just and so is His court;
ਤਿਥੈ ਸੋਹਨਿ ਪੰਚ ਪਰਵਾਣੁ  ਨਦਰੀ ਕਰਮਿ ਪਵੈ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ---
Those whose performance is accepted are glorified;
they are marked for Divine grace.
ਕਚ ਪਕਾਈ ਓਥੈ ਪਾਇ  ਨਾਨਕ ਗਇਆ ਜਾਪੈ ਜਾਇ ॥੩੪॥੧ 
Whether the soul has matured to receive this grace is decided
only when one reaches the Master’ abode.

The words ‘ਕਚ ਪਕਾਈ’ used above literally mean raw or ripe, immature or mature. This concept is frequently employed in Gurbani using Chaupar, a game of dice as metaphor. Briefly stated, in this game the pieces which move according to throw of dice can get home if they have matured. Similarly the souls whose deeds are acceptable are considered mature and entitled to enter Home, the abode of the Creator.

The first two lines of the 35th Pauri indicate that the next stage is the realm of knowledge, thus:

ਧਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕਾ ਏਹੋ ਧਰਮੁ  ਗਿਆਨ ਖੰਡ ਕਾ ਆਖਹੁ ਕਰਮੁ 
Having learnt about dutifulness in Dharam Khand let us talk about Gian Khand the realm of knowledge.

Whereas Dharam Khand talks in terms of the earth, our solar system and individual conduct, Gian Khand enlarges the vision to include the belief systems, different types of life forms, their sounds and scientific facts including those about other solar systems:

ਕੇਤੇ ਪਵਣ ਪਾਣੀ ਵੈਸੰਤਰ ਕੇਤੇ ਕਾਨ ਮਹੇਸ 
ਕੇਤੇ ਬਰਮੇ ਘਾੜਤਿ ਘੜੀਅਹਿ ਰੂਪ ਰੰਗ ਕੇ ਵੇਸ 
ਕੇਤੀਆ ਕਰਮ ਭੂਮੀ ਮੇਰ ਕੇਤੇ ਕੇਤੇ ਧੂ ਉਪਦੇਸ ---
There are many types of air (gases), water (liquids), fire (sources of heat and light);
there are many Krishnas, Maheshs, many Brahmas with creations in different forms and colors.
There are numerous places to perform duties and many disciples like Dhru and teachers (like Naarda);

It is interesting to note that unlike one each of the gods like Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh in the Hindu belief there are many of them. This confirms that the adjective One applies only to the Creator.

ਕੇਤੇ ਇੰਦ ਚੰਦ ਸੂਰ ਕੇਤੇ ਕੇਤੇ ਮੰਡਲ ਦੇਸ 
There are numerous clouds, moons, suns, solar systems and planets.

This says that there are numerous solar systems, a fact not known to the scientist when it was stated by Guru Nanak.

ਕੇਤੇ ਸਿਧ ਬੁਧ ਨਾਥ ਕੇਤੇ ਕੇਤੇ ਦੇਵੀ ਵੇਸ 
ਕੇਤੇ ਦੇਵ ਦਾਨਵ ਮੁਨਿ ਕੇਤੇ ਕੇਤੇ ਰਤਨ ਸਮੁੰਦ 
ਕੇਤੀਆ ਖਾਣੀ ਕੇਤੀਆ ਬਾਣੀ ਕੇਤੇ ਪਾਤ ਨਰਿੰਦ 
ਕੇਤੀਆ ਸੁਰਤੀ ਸੇਵਕ ਕੇਤੇ ਨਾਨਕ ਅੰਤੁ  ਅੰਤੁ ॥੩੫॥
There are numerous Sidhas, Buddhas, yogis, goddesses, gods, demons;
many silent ascetics, many valuables in the sea.
There are many life forms, types of speech and chains of kings,
Many have wisdom and devotional service; there is no limit to all this.

With this knowledge one is motivated to listen to the celestial music i.e. the Divine Word. This acts as motivation to fashion one’s life and to be part of all this. This leads to the realm of effort or diligence, the Saram Khand described in the 36th Pauri:

ਸਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਰੂਪੁ  ਤਿਥੈ ਘਾੜਤਿ ਘੜੀਐ ਬਹੁਤੁ ਅਨੂਪੁ 
ਤਾ ਕੀਆ ਗਲਾ ਕਥੀਆ ਨਾ ਜਾਹਿ  ਜੇ ਕੋ ਕਹੈ ਪਿਛੈ ਪਛੁਤਾਇ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਘੜੀਐ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਮਤਿ ਮਨਿ ਬੁਧਿ  ਤਿਥੈ ਘੜੀਐ ਸੁਰਾ ਸਿਧਾ ਕੀ ਸੁਧਿ ॥੩੬॥
In Saram Khand one aims at beauty (the method the bride adopts to be attracted by the husband);
the soul fashions itself into incomparable beauty that cannot be described;
the consciousness, thinking and understanding are molded and purified to be like those of the gods and the sidhas.

The mind so molded is able to resist temptations and is not distracted from the path he (or she) has chosen. He gets the strength to embark on the final ascent. This stage can only be reached by Divine grace; he has thus entered the realm of Grace the Karam Khand described in the first part of Pauri 37:

ਕਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਜੋਰੁ  ਤਿਥੈ ਹੋਰੁ  ਕੋਈ ਹੋਰੁ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਜੋਧ ਮਹਾਬਲ ਸੂਰ  ਤਿਨ ਮਹਿ ਰਾਮੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਸੀਤੋ ਸੀਤਾ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਮਾਹਿ  ਤਾ ਕੇ ਰੂਪ  ਕਥਨੇ ਜਾਹਿ 
ਨਾ ਓਹਿ ਮਰਹਿ  ਠਾਗੇ ਜਾਹਿ  ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਰਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਭਗਤ ਵਸਹਿ ਕੇ ਲੋਅ  ਕਰਹਿ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਸਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਸੋਇ 
Karam Khand is characterized by one seeing none else but the Creator (in nature).
Ever imbued with praises of the Master and Naam in mind one gets strength like that of the great warriors;
their form cannot be described;
those in whose mind God abides do not perish or get led astray,
there is devotion and presence of the True Lord in their minds makes them happy.

Karam Khand, therefore, is the state of mind where one realizes that he does not do any thing; every thing is attributed to the Creator. This Divine grace enables one to enter the abode of the Eternal Lord, the Sach Khand described in the second part of the 37th Pauri:

ਸਚ ਖੰਡਿ ਵਸੈ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੁ  ਕਰਿ ਕਰਿ ਵੇਖੈ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਖੰਡ ਮੰਡਲ ਵਰਭੰਡ  ਜੇ ਕੋ ਕਥੈ  ਅੰਤ  ਅੰਤ 
ਤਿਥੈ ਲੋਅ ਲੋਅ ਆਕਾਰ  ਜਿਵ ਜਿਵ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਤਿਵੈ ਤਿਵ ਕਾਰ 
ਵੇਖੈ ਵਿਗਸੈ ਕਰਿ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ  ਨਾਨਕ ਕਥਨਾ ਕਰੜਾ ਸਾਰੁ ॥੩੭॥੧ 
Sach Khand is the abode of the Formless lord;
He creates and bestows His grace;
He pervades all planets, solar systems and the entire universe which has no limits;
it covers all the planets and existence;
every thing happens according to Divine commands, thinking of this the Creator is pleased.

This state is as hard to describe as is iron. So Sach Khand is where the Divine commands, Hukam is obeyed.

That is to say one who lives by Hukam is in Sach Khand.

We read in the first Pauri:

ਕਿਵ ਸਚਿਆਰਾ ਹੋਈਐ ਕਿਵ ਕੂੜੈ ਤੁਟੈ ਪਾਲਿ 
ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥
How do we break the wall of falsehood and be one with the Truth?
Live according to the preordained Hukam.

Further, it is by Divine Grace that one carries out Hukam:

ਹੁਕਮੁ ਭੀ ਤਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਮਨਾਇਸੀ ਜਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰੇਇ 
ਹੁਕਮੁ ਮੰਨਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ ਸੁਹਾਗਣਿ ਹੋਇ ॥੧॥੩ ੫੧੦
Only those who receive Divine grace carry out Hukam;
accepting Hukam they become the fortunate recipients of the Master’s love and comfort (SGGS, p 510).

The 38th Pauri of Japu summarizes the five Khands using the metaphor of a goldsmith’s shop where he melts and casts the precious metal:

ਜਤੁ ਪਾਹਾਰਾ ਧੀਰਜੁ ਸੁਨਿਆਰੁ ---
Let self discipline be the shop and let the goldsmith show patience in what he does – Realm of dutifulness, Dharam Khand.
ਅਹਰਣਿ ਮਤਿ ਵੇਦੁ ਹਥੀਆਰੁ ---
Let the mind be the anvil which receives the hammer of scriptural teachings –Realm of knowledge, Gian Khand.
ਭਉ ਖਲਾ ਅਗਨਿ ਤਪ ਤਾਉ 
ਭਾਂਡਾ ਭਾਉ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਤਿਤੁ ਢਾਲਿ 
ਘੜੀਐ ਸਬਦੁ ਸਚੀ ਟਕਸਾਲ --
Make carrying out commands (described as bhau) the bellows, and heat, the remembrance;
make love the crucible in which to put the nectar of Naam (melt the gold)
and understand (mold) it with the Shabad – Realm of effort, Saram Khand

ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਮੁ ਤਿਨ ਕਾਰ ---
This is done by those who receive Divine Grace –
Grace, Karam Khand.
ਨਾਨਕ ਨਦਰੀ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥੩੮॥
With this grace they have vision of the Lord and happiness –
Truth, God’s abode, Sach Khand.

The five khands thus are the final stages of the journey which starts with Gurparsadi (knowing through Guru’s Grace), continues with living according to Hukam and finally receiving Divine Grace leading to being one with the Creator.

Five vices

These bad qualities try to keep us away from truthful living.

  1. ·       Kaam (Desires)
  2. ·       Krodh (Anger)
  3. ·       Lobh (Greed)
  4. ·       Moh (Attachment)
  5. ·       Ahngkaar (Ego)

Five Virtues

The following five key (of many) virtues is what Sikhs need to instill in our character.

  1. ·       Sat (Truth)
  2. ·       Santokh (Contentment)
  3. ·       Daya (Compassion)
  4. ·       Nimrata (Humility)
  5. ·       Pyaar (Love)

Three Golden Rules (Sikhism)

  1. ·       Naam Japo – Recite/Repeat the Lord’s name
  2. ·       Kirat Karo – Earn your living
  3. ·       Vand Shako – Share with others

Three Eternal Truths - All else is Temporary

  1. ·       Naam (Loving recitation of the Lord's Word (s))
  2. ·       Saadhu (Saints / True Holy People)
  3. ·       Guroo Gobind (Ik Ongkaar – Ultimate Enlightener / Preceptor / Teacher)

Human life - Key beliefs in Sikhism - GCSE Religious Studies Revision - AQA - BBC Bitesize

 A soul can witness many incarnations, births and deaths, until it reaches the human birth. It then has a chance to win this game by remembering the Lord with love and devotion!


As previously mentioned, Sikhi teaches that the Lord is one, the many, he is all, yet he is beyond all. He has numerous descriptions, attributes, and all powers, yet he is indescribable at the same time. He is formless, timeless, yet he existed and exists in the forms of Guroos (currently in Shabad or word form - Scripture / Sri Guroo Granth Sahib Ji) and Saints to help guide humanity.  He created the creation, and he is in the creation, but also detached from it. The Lord is the creator, preserver, and destroyer.

It is ultimately the Lord’s show, but as a soul removes its filth in the human birth (the five vices), as a conscious being, it can play a role in shaping reality as a co-creator. The eternal form is beyond the macrocosm, so the ultimate consciousness cannot be described or contained, therefore, it is beyond the universe(s). The soul goes through a journey from loneliness where it wanders thinking it is alone, to universalness as it starts to see itself in others and vice a versa, to oneness where it sees the one in everything, and ultimately, to nothingness. The creator falls in love with his creation and the creation appreciates the love and dissolves in that love. Saach Kahon Sun Leho Sabhai, Jin Prem Keeyo, tin hee prabh paaeo. ~ Tva Prasaad Savaiye - Guroo Gobind Singh Ji  (The truth is being spoken, so listen everyone - those that love the Lord are the ones who will realize him.)" 

So the journey starts with separation and loneliness, to universalness, to oneness, to nothingness. As stated in Sukhmanee Sahib by Sri Guroo Arjan Dev Ji, nothing is born and nothing dies, the wondrous play is played by the Lord/Creator/Director/Actor.


So as you can see, Sikhism accepts a hybrid of Panentheism and Panpsychism, but the ultimate Lord is beyond all descriptions! The Lord manifests himself, yet the eternal Lord is outside the realm of time and creation. 

 Click to Enlarge

 What is Panentheism?? (jedepler.com)


What is Panpyschism